Invited Speaker at the 7th International World Congress of Diabetes and Endocrinology Lisbon, Portugal. July 17, 2023

5 Risk Factors for Osteoporosis

 5 Risk Factors for Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a silent disease that causes bones to thin and weaken, increasing the risk of fractures. It can happen to anyone, but affects women at a much higher percentage than men. 

You’re more likely to develop osteoporosis if you’re over 50 or a postmenopausal woman. This is not to say that others aren’t at risk of developing it. 

If you’re concerned about bone loss, it’s wise to have your bone density checked and discuss risk factors with a health care provider. Trusted internal medicine physician and endocrinology specialist Dr. Sam Morayati performs in-office dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans to check bone density.

This quick and painless test provides vital bone health information. Using your DEXA scan results, Dr. Morayati can tell you if you have low bone density, which puts you at risk for osteoporosis

It’s important to identify your personal risks for osteoporosis and to discuss them with Dr. Morayati. Here are five:

1. Low sex hormone levels

Estrogen plays a role in preventing bone loss and keeping your bones strong. This is why women are at a higher risk of osteoporosis after menopause. This is a time when estrogen drops dramatically. After menopause, you’re no longer getting the protective effect of estrogen.

Post menopausal women lose bone at a faster rate, putting you at a higher risk of osteoporosis and osteopenia. If you’ve gone through menopause and are concerned about your bone health, talk to Dr. Morayati about it.

2. Smoking

Tobacco use has been linked to decreased bone density. Cigarette smoking may increase the risk of osteoporosis in two ways; for starters, it can prevent your body from absorbing calcium, which is essential for bone health. As a result, your body does not utilize all of the calcium you eat. Cigarette smoking may also lower estrogen levels in women, leading to increased bone loss.

What’s more, people who smoke are often thinner than nonsmokers, drink more alcohol, may be less physically active, and have poor diets. Women who smoke also experience menopause earlier than nonsmokers. 

Additionally, smoking increases the risk of fracture, and impairs bone healing after a fracture. 

3. Lack of exercise 

Keep in mind that your bones are composed of living tissue. At any given time, bone is being broken down and rebuilt. As a result, exercise strengthens both muscles and bones. If your lifestyle finds you doing mostly sedentary activities, you’re at risk for bone loss.

Weight-bearing and resistance exercises are the best way to keep bones strong and ward off osteoporosis. These types of exercises increase bone density and can reduce bone loss if you’re diagnosed with osteoporosis or osteopenia. 

4. Drinking excess alcohol

Drinking too much alcohol is linked to bone loss. It appears that this has a significant impact during adolescence and early adulthood. This is a critical period for increasing bone mass. Unfortunately, it’s also the most typical time that people may pick up the habit of drinking alcohol and may be prone to excessive drinking. If you’re a woman, it’s important to avoid drinking more than one alcoholic beverage per day. I

5. Calcium and vitamin D deficiency

Calcium and vitamin D are two of the most crucial nutrients for bone health. The vast majority of calcium in your body is stored in your teeth and bones. If you don't get enough calcium from your diet to perform essential functions, your body may steal it from your bones, which can lead to bone loss. 

As you can see, many osteoporosis risk factors are within your control. Work with Dr. Morayati to keep your bones as healthy as possible. Schedule a visit at our Burlington, North Carolina, clinic by calling or requesting an appointment online today. 

You Might Also Enjoy...

5 Lifestyle Changes to Lower High Cholesterol

5 Lifestyle Changes to Lower High Cholesterol

Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States, and excessive cholesterol is a major risk factor. Take action now to lower your cholesterol to help keep your heart in the best shape possible.
Signs of Hypertension and What to Do About It

Signs of Hypertension and What to Do About It

High blood pressure can sneak up on you, silently causing damage without causing obvious symptoms. Getting to know the subtle signs means you can take action sooner to protect your heart health.
How Your Thyroid Impacts Your Overall Health

How Your Thyroid Impacts Your Overall Health

Symptoms of thyroid disease are often mistaken for other things like stress, or aging. If you notice changes in your health, or don’t feel quite right, it’s always best to seek an evaluation to get to the bottom of things.
Hemochromatosis: A Lesser Known Metabolic Disorder

Hemochromatosis: A Lesser Known Metabolic Disorder

With treatment, patients with hemochromatosis have a good health outlook. Drawing blood to lower bodily iron stores and restricting dietary iron are common approaches to managing this condition. Read on to learn more about this metabolic disorder.